The cold comes, the frost, the cold and the suffering when getting into a frozen car in the morning. The first is solved with a good coat, the second with tangerines and the third with this small list of sensible tips for car maintenancein this case, electric in tune before the real winter arrives.
Forgive the personification, but for me winter is that man with a thick beard and turtlenecks who brings us more problems than solutions and who is not a big friend of electric cars either. Although the cold does not affect all cars equally, in this case, the drop in temperatures has a more interesting objective.
Among the main problems that we can find with the drop in temperatures in electric cars, we have selected these 5 to have a special focus on them:
- Reduced autonomy: In cold climates, the range of electric cars tends to decrease due to the negative effect of low temperatures on the efficiency of the batteries. This can lead to a shorter distance the vehicle can travel on a full charge. The same thing will happen to us in summer, but with more heat and the same need to have air conditioning in the car.
- Long charging time: Low temperatures can affect the charging speed of the batteries. Some charging stations slow down to protect the cars battery, resulting in longer charging times. Something to keep in mind if we go on a trip.
- Problems with energy regeneration: Energy regeneration systems, which convert kinetic energy into electricity during braking, may be less effective in extreme cold conditions. This can affect the vehicle’s ability to recover energy and increase range.
- Road conditions: Slippery and snow-covered roads can affect tire traction, which could be a challenge for electric cars, especially if they are not equipped with suitable winter tires.
- Freezing of charging ports: Car charging ports and charging cables can freeze in winter conditions, making it difficult to connect and disconnect. It is important to keep these areas clean and free of ice to ensure proper charging.
Although many of you will say that the solution is not to have an electric car, there are people who have one and this gentleman who writes respects and tolerates them in equal measure, therefore, with a view to having an electric car in the garage before the allergy hits ( also called spring) we believe it is important to offer these tips:
- Cabin preconditioning: Before starting your trip, use the vehicle’s air conditioning preconditioning function while it is connected to the mains. This will help conserve battery power while ensuring you have a warm cabin.
- Indoor charging: When possible, charge your electric car in a garage or covered area to prevent the battery from getting too cold during charging. It goes without saying that if you buy an electric car you have your own and community garage, but if you are like me who doesn’t have a charger at home, find the skills to go charge at indoor shopping centers.
- Route planning: In cold weather, battery life may be reduced, vox populi. Plan your routes with this in mind and make sure you have enough charging stations along the way. If you see it as bad, stay home or borrow a combustion car.
- Energy conservation: Use your electric car’s energy conservation features, such as economy driving mode or braking energy regeneration, to maximize efficiency in cold conditions.
- Battery maintenance: Make sure the battery is in good condition and follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for maintenance. Some electric cars have thermal management systems to keep the battery at an optimal temperature.
- Winter tires: Consider winter tires, as they offer better traction on cold or snowy roads, which can be crucial for efficiency and safety. Many laughed at this in Madrid and look what happened with Filomena. It’s never too late to remember it.
- Reduced loading speed: In very cold weather, some charging stations may reduce the charging speed to protect the battery. Keep this in mind when planning your recharge time.
- Use scheduled charging mode: If your vehicle has the option, schedule charging to take advantage of lower overnight electric rates. This can also help keep the battery warmer at the start of the trip.
- Keep the car plugged in when not in use: Keep your electric car plugged in when you are not using it to prevent charge loss due to low temperatures.
- Regular cleaning: Clean snow and ice from your car before driving. Also, make sure charging points are accessible and free of ice.
Also remember that the specifications and recommendations They can vary depending on the model and manufacturer of the electric car, so it is always good to consult the owner’s manual and follow the guidelines provided by the manufacturer.
Although it is important to note that many electric car manufacturers are constantly working on solutions to mitigate these problems, introducing thermal management systems advanced technologies and technologies that minimize the loss of performance in cold conditions, a car with these characteristics requires special care throughout the year.