Being able to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation at a time when it is necessary can mean the difference between life or death. Not only on the motorcycle, but on a daily basis. That is why from the Moto de Campo Sostenible platform they teach us how to do it step by step so that it is as effective as possible.
Following the advice step by step, the first thing to do when you encounter a person in an accident is to look for their reaction, whether they are conscious or not. To do this we will kneel next to her and talk to her or stimulate her to see if there is any type of reaction. If there is no reaction, first of all, you must notify 112 so that the emergency services can be activated.
It is only later that we will begin to act with first aid and the first will be to carry out the forehead-chin maneuver to prevent the tongue from obstructing the airway:
- Kneel next to the victim lying face up and place one hand on the forehead, tilting the victim’s head back.
- With the other hand, clamp the chin and try to open the mouth so that the airway opens.
Once the airway has been freed, it is necessary to check if one is breathing with the so-called VOS (See-Hear-Feel). If they are not breathing, have abnormal breathing, or there is doubt as to whether they are breathing or not, it must be assumed that the person is in cardiopulmonary arrest, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers must begin.
Step by step of cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation are maneuvers designed to keep the organs oxygenated. To do this, chest compressions and ventilations must be performed. 30 compressions and 2 ventilations should be performed at a rate of between 100 and 120 compressions per minute.
To begin, the victim must be placed face up with the airways as straight as possible, including the neck, which must be aligned with the body and with the chin slightly elevated.
Obviously, the necessary clothing will have to be removed, only what is necessary, for the compressions to be effective, and the person must be placed on a flat surface. From there we begin the maneuver:
- We will place the heel of one hand on the lower half of the sternum, in the center of the chest.
- We will intertwine the fingers of the other hand, trying to support only the heel of the hand that is underneath.
- We will keep our arms extended, perpendicular to the victim’s chest, without bending the elbows.
- We will press the chest vertically using the weight of our body, avoiding doing so on the ribs or abdomen.
- The chest should sink about 5-6 centimeters deep at a rate between 100 and 120 compressions per minute, about 2 times per second.
- After each compression, the chest must be allowed to decompress, to rise completely without separating the heel of the hand from the chest and without hitting.
- The rhythm is maintained without interruptions until 30 compressions, at which time we will stop compressing the chest, we will perform the forehead-chin maneuver, we will pinch his nose, we will take air and, sealing his mouth with ours, we will insufflate our air for a second, repeating the operation.
- After the ventilations we will perform the compressions again with the same rhythm and depth.
As recommended by Moto de Campo Sostenibe, if there are two people as rescuers, relief can be done for cardiopulmonary resuscitation every four cycles of 30:2 or when the rescuer is tired, but the maneuver must continue as long as possible. as possible until the emergency services arrive or the injured party is no longer unconscious.
If you regain consciousness, we will place you in PLS (Safe Lateral Position) and keep you under control and covered if possible, in addition to calling 112 to report the new situation.